About Celebrations – Rtveli (Georgian Wine Harvest and Festivities)

Rtveli (Georgian: რთველი) is the traditional vintage (the process of picking grapes and making wine) accompanied by celebrations that mark the end of the agricultural cycle for the year.

For centuries, viticulture has been of great economic importance to Georgia. Today, there are more than 175,000 acres planted with vines.

The vine also has an iconic and religious significance in Georgia and the tradition of rtveli dates back to ancient times, having its roots in the celebration of mid-Autumn abundance. Frescoes, churches, enamels and mosaics all have grapevine motifs, and there are a number of ancient songs dedicated to the vine and its fruits.

Grapevine Decoration on the Church of the Assumption at Ananuri Castle

The vintage and festivities normally take place in late September in eastern Georgia and in mid-October in western Georgia.

Rtveli involves almost everyone in Georgia. Wine is produced by thousands of small vineyard farmers (using primarily traditional techniques of wine-making), as well as by modern wineries.

Most homes grow vines in their yards and make a couple of hundred liters of wine each year for personal consumption. Less than 5% of the wine that the population drinks is bought bottled in shops.

Even the third President of Georgia, Mikheil Saakashvili, helped with the harvest!

Most wine in Georgia is produced using natural and ancient technologies. Grapes are pressed by foot, and the juice is poured into massive clay vessels, called Kvevri, that are buried below the floor level with the neck of the Kvevri surrounded by a recessed basin in a special room called a marani.

The amount of time the grape must spend in the Kvevri depends on how much colour, flavour and tannin the wine-maker wants to extract from the skins, pips and stems.

Chacha (grape skins, stems and pips) in a kvevri

When the must is eventually removed, the juice left in the vessel is covered, sealed and left buried for up to two years, where it completes its fermentation and fully matures.

There is a growing demand among high-end consumers for all-natural wines with a rustic taste. It’s a market that Georgia, home of the kvevri, is well placed to supply. It is, however, a niche market. Using kvevri, a wine company can produce a maximum of 20-25 tons of kvevri wines. That compares with a volume in the hundreds of tons using more modern methods.

If you would like to know more about traditional Georgian wine making – click here.

But alongside ancient methods, more and more Georgian wine is being made for export, using state-of the-art equipment by wineries such as Teliani Valley, Telavis Marani, Tbilvino, Kindzmarauli Marani, Badagoni, Gorelli and Mukhrani.

In 2011 Georgia exported wine to 48 other nations, a 30 percent increase since 2007.

Most (70%) of the wine exported is red and semi-sweet, but demand for exclusive wines is rising (wine fermented and aged in kvevri).

If you are in Georgia during the autumn, make sure to participate in the Rtveli. Volunteers are always welcome. You have to get up early and it’s hot work but you get to collect grapes, get your feet wet pressing the wine, see a marani (wine cellar) and be part of the famed supra (Georgian feast), led by a Tamada (toast master), at the end of the day. There will be singing and dancing, mountains of delicious food and……..wine!

There is a traditional Georgian toast: “With this small glass and a big soul, let us drink to those who are not here to enjoy this beauty with us.”

Celebrate Rtveli in Georgia – it will be an experience you will never forget!

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17 Responses to “About Celebrations – Rtveli (Georgian Wine Harvest and Festivities)”
  1. Shary Hover says:

    Yet another Georgian experience to add to my must-do list. That feast looks amazing!

  2. fostrickson says:

    Beautiful pictures! You’re certainly doing a good job of making me want to plan my next vacation there!

  3. Chancy and Mumsy says:

    Beautiful grapes and just look at all that delicious looking food. Hugs

  4. Lynlee Graffunder says:

    I loved this blog. Beautiful pictures too.

  5. eripanwkevin says:

    Wow, it is surprising to hear that less than 5% of the wine that the population drinks is bought bottled in shops! Well…when we visit Georgia, it should be in autumn to join the feast!!!!! 🙂

    • Almost everyone with a yard has vines and many people make their own wine Kevin. Yes, the autumn is a good time to visit Georgia but so is any other time of the year!

  6. Now Georgia has great food, great historical places, great Churches, Beer and now wine! Wonder how they would feel about 11 cray collies moving in? 🙂

  7. Anders says:

    I love your blog – incredibly insightful and amazing pictures. Getting me really excited for my trip to Georgia in October!

    I’d like to ask if it\’s possible for me to arrange with a tour agency/tourism center to join a rtveli? Certainly don’t mind getting my hands and feet dirty harvesting and stomping. That’s not something I get to do in Singapore everyday :p

    • I am very pleased that you are excited about your visit to Georgia. Thank you for your kind comments about the blog. Yes, tour agencies can arrange for visitors to participate in the Rtveli. As you are arriving in October there still might be time to participate. Try contacting Twins “Old Cellar”. You can find their website and contact details here: http://www.cellar.ge/wine-tour.html

      • Sheng says:

        Hi! Me and my friends arw visiting Georgia this July.. Plan to visit vineyards to. Are there any grapes during that time?

      • Bassa's Blog says:

        Probably not in July. The grape harvest normally take place in late September in eastern Georgia and in mid-October in western Georgia.

Check out what others are saying...
  1. […] process of picking grapes and making wine, together with the accompanying celebrations, is called Rtveli (Georgian: რთველი) and marks the end of the agricultural cycle for the year. Rtveli […]

  2. […] process of picking grapes and making wine, together with the accompanying celebrations, is called Rtveli (Georgian: რთველი) and marks the end of the agricultural cycle for the year. Rtveli […]

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