About History – Georgian Maneti

500 maneti banknote issued in 1919

The maneti (მანეთი) was the currency of the Democratic Republic of Georgia (საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა), which was established in May 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire and existed until February 1921 when the country was invaded by the Soviet Red Army. The maneti was subdivided into 100 kapeiki (კაპეიკი). Only banknotes were issued and each note bears a facsimile of the signature of … Continue reading

About Celebrations – Dyeing Eggs Red for Orthodox Easter

Red Dyed Eggs and Paska - Copy

On Good Friday, Orthodox Christians in Georgia dye hard boiled eggs a red color using the root of the Madder plant and onion peel. The eggs represent the blood of Christ and are placed on green wheat grass, which symbolizes new life, resurrection, and eternity. The eggs are blessed in a church and on Easter … Continue reading

About Sights – The Egrisi Mountain Range

Lake Tobavarchkhili. Photo by Goga Khachidze.

The Egrisi mountain range is a watershed ridge of the Inguri (Georgian: ენგური) and Tskhenistkali rivers situated in the Greater Caucasus Mountains in Georgia’s Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region (Georgian: სამეგრელო-ზემო სვანეთი). It reaches a maximum elevation of 3,173 meters at Mount Tsekuri. Forests of broad-leaved trees, such as oak and beech, grow on the slopes of … Continue reading

About Culture – The Memtevri of Ajara

Goderdzi Pass

Ajara (Georgian: აჭარა) is a largely mountainous region in south-west Georgia with areas rising to more than 3,000 meters (9,800 feet) above sea level. Seasonal farming, connected with cattle breeding, has been practiced in the mountains since Paleolithic times. The mountain farmers call themselves “Memtevri” and their cattle and milk products are an important part of the local … Continue reading

About Sights – Astronomical Clock in Batumi

Astronomical Clock in Europe Square in Batumi

Made in Germany, the Astronomical Clock in Europe Square in the city of Batumi (Georgian: ბათუმი) adorns the restored facade of the former National Bank building. A chime indicates the full hour, a single ring the half-hour. Apart from the time of day, the clock also shows astronomical information – the placement of the sun and … Continue reading

About Architecture – Vernacular Architecture of Tusheti

Traditional Tushetian balconied house (“Karseani”).

Located on the northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, Tusheti (Georgian: თუშეთი) is famous for its fortress-houses and fortified towers. Its vernacular architecture is based on local needs and construction materials and traditional dwellings were largely built using dry construction methods with stone walls and roofs made from large natural slates. Timber work was … Continue reading

About Architecture – Georgia Pavilion for the Shanghai World Expo

The Georgia Pavilion at the Shanghai World Expo 2010

Talented Georgian architect Giorgi Khmaladze designed the “Georgia Pavilion” for the Shanghai World Expo 2010. By the end of the Expo, over 73 million people had visited – a record attendance – and 250 countries and international organizations had participated. On 16 October 2010, the expo set a single-day record of over 1.03 million visitors. Photos … Continue reading

About Sights – Medea Monument in Batumi

The Medea monument in winter

The Medea monument in Batumi was designed by Davit Khmaladze and erected in Europe Square in 2007. In Greek mythology, Medea was a daughter of King Aieti (Georgian: აიეტი), the king of Kolkheti in present day western Georgia. Medea helped Jason to steal the legendary Golden Fleece (Georgian: ოქროს საწმისი). The Kolkhetian people developed an expertise in the smelting … Continue reading

About Development – Electric Patrol Vehicles for Batumi Boulevard

Electric Patrol Vehicles for Batumi Boulevard

The police in Batumi (Georgian: ბათუმი) in Ajara on Georgia’s Black Sea coast have been equipped with new electric vehicles for patrolling the city’s famous Batumi Boulevard. The environmentally friendly vehicles are a convenient way for police to patrol the popular boulevard. The size of the vehicles means that there is less disturbance to pedestrians. Efficient … Continue reading

About Sights – Kazbegi National Park

Truso Gorge in Kazbegi National Park

Kazbegi National Park (Georgian: ყაზბეგის ეროვნული პარკი) is located in the Greater Caucasus Mountains in northern Georgia and covers an area of 8707 hectares. Mountainous and rugged, it contains spectacular gorges and canyons carved from the rock by the Tergi River (Georgian: თერგი). The park contains Georgia’s third highest peak – Mount Kazbegi (Georgian: ყაზბეგის მყინვარწვერი) (5,047 … Continue reading

About Architecture – Batumi Air Traffic Control Tower

Batumi Air Navigation Tower - Copy

The air traffic control tower in Batumi on Georgia’s Black Sea coast was put into service in May 2007. Batumi airport serves both domestic and international flights and its control tower is equipped with the latest navigation systems. Digital screens were installed on the control tower’s facade in 2012, permitting display of various graphical and digital images, advertisements … Continue reading

About History – Photographs of 19th Century Svaneti

Village of Chazhashi (Ushguli) where two streams come together. 1890. Photo courtesy Fondazione Sella, Biella

During the period 1889-1896, the famous mountain-climber and pioneer of photography, Count Vittorio Sella made a number of climbs in the Caucasus Mountains in the Svaneti region of Georgia and photographed the remote fortified communities that were virtually hidden from the world. Svaneti (Georgian: სვანეთი) is situated on the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus mountains in the northwestern … Continue reading

About Sights – The Leaning Clock Tower in Tbilisi

Leaning Clock Tower in Tbilisi

The leaning clock tower is located next to the Gabriadze theater (Georgian: შავთელის ქუჩა, გაბრიაძის თეატრი) in Tbilisi’s old town. The clock tower was created by the renowned Georgian puppeteer Rezo Gabriadze. On the hour, a window opens at the top and an angel strikes the bell. Below the clock, a screen opens and shows the … Continue reading

About Sights – Deda Ena

dedaena_2

April 14 is the Day of the Mother Tongue – Georgian language – in Georgia. On 14 April 1978 the Georgian people protested against the decision of the central soviet authorities to revoke the status of Georgian (as one of the minor languages in the Soviet Union) as a state language and replace it with … Continue reading

About Architecture – 19th century Megrelian “Sajalabo” House

19th century Megrelian Sajalabo House

This early 19th century Sajalabo house was dismantled piece by piece from its location in the village of Ontopo in Samegrelo region and rebuilt at the Giorgi Chitaia Open Air Museum of Ethnography (Georgian: გიორგი ჩიტაიას სახელობის ეთნოგრაფიული მუზეუმი ღია ცის ქვეშ) in Tbilisi. A typical Sajalabo house was a one-room windowless structure with an earthen … Continue reading

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