About History – Georgian Maneti

500 maneti banknote issued in 1919

The maneti (მანეთი) was the currency of the Democratic Republic of Georgia (საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა), which was established in May 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire and existed until February 1921 when the country was invaded by the Soviet Red Army. The maneti was subdivided into 100 kapeiki (კაპეიკი). Only banknotes were issued and each note bears a facsimile of the signature of … Continue reading

About Achievements – Alexander Kartveli

Alexander Kartveli - Copy

Alexander Kartveli, born Alexander Kartvelishvili, (Georgian: ალექსანდრე ქართველიშვილი) 1896–1974) is considered to be one of the most important aircraft designers in US history and the world. Born in Tbilisi, he moved to the U.S.A. in 1928 to design fighter aircraft. His major projects included the design of the P-47 Thunderbolt fighter plane used by the … Continue reading

About History – The Golden Treasure of Vani

Excavation of a grave at Vani. Photo courtesy of the Otar Lordkipanidze Center for Archaeological Research, the Georgian National Museum

Colchis (Georgian: კოლხეთი) was an ancient Georgian kingdom in Western Georgia known in Greek mythology as the destination of Jason and the Argonauts in their quest for the Golden Fleece. Renowned as a region rich in gold, the excavation of a series of rich burials and other discoveries at the town of Vani (Georgian: ვანი) … Continue reading

About History – Conservation of the Gelati Frescos

Frescos at the Church of the Virgin at Gelati

Gelati (Georgian: გელათის მონასტერი) is a monastic complex near the city of Kutaisi in the Imereti region of western Georgia. The Monastery is among the most important cultural landmarks of Georgia and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The complex contains the Church of the Virgin founded by David the Builder (Georgian: დავით აღმაშენებელი) in … Continue reading

About History – Photographs of 19th Century Svaneti

Village of Chazhashi (Ushguli) where two streams come together. 1890. Photo courtesy Fondazione Sella, Biella

During the period 1889-1896, the famous mountain-climber and pioneer of photography, Count Vittorio Sella made a number of climbs in the Caucasus Mountains in the Svaneti region of Georgia and photographed the remote fortified communities that were virtually hidden from the world. Svaneti (Georgian: სვანეთი) is situated on the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus mountains in the northwestern … Continue reading

About Architecture – 19th century Megrelian “Sajalabo” House

19th century Megrelian Sajalabo House

This early 19th century Sajalabo house was dismantled piece by piece from its location in the village of Ontopo in Samegrelo region and rebuilt at the Giorgi Chitaia Open Air Museum of Ethnography (Georgian: გიორგი ჩიტაიას სახელობის ეთნოგრაფიული მუზეუმი ღია ცის ქვეშ) in Tbilisi. A typical Sajalabo house was a one-room windowless structure with an earthen … Continue reading

About History – Photographs of Zugdidi in the 1930′s

Zugdidi Fire Brigade in 1934

Zugdidi (Georgian: ზუგდიდი) is the capital of the Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region in western Georgia. The name “Zugdidi” means “big/great hill”. The following photographs show how it looked during Soviet times in the 1930′s. Photos courtesy of Zugdidi Municipality. CLICK on the logo to visit GEORGIA ABOUT on Facebook and see photos and news about Georgia. Click LIKE on the page and become a … Continue reading

About History – Hand Colored Photographs of Farming in 1950′s Georgia

Shepherds in 1950s Georgia - Copy

With its rich natural abundance of fertile soil, clean water and favorable climate, Georgia has been producing a wide range of agricultural products for more than 3,000 years. During the Soviet era, Georgia  was a leading agricultural country within the Soviet Union, providing up to 10% of inter-republic trade in the highest quality food. Soviet era … Continue reading

About History – Georgian Military Road

19th century photograph of the Georgian Military Road

The Georgian Military Road (საქართველოს სამხედრო გზა) is the historic name for a major route through the Caucasus from Georgia to Russia. The 208 kilometer road from Tbilisi (Georgia) to Vladikavkaz (Russia) follows the traditional route used by invaders and traders throughout the ages. Although the route has been used since ancient times, the Georgian … Continue reading

About History – Ilia Chavchavadze

Ge-money-lari-20

Ilia Chavchavadze is widely regarded as one of the founding fathers of modern Georgia. Revered as Pater Patriae (Father of the Fatherland) of Georgia, he spearheaded the revival of the Georgian national movement in the second half of the 19th century. Chavchavadze championed the revival of the use of the Georgian language, the cultivation of … Continue reading

About History – Early Photographs of St. David’s Church in Tbilisi

St David's Church seen from the city

St. David’s Church (Mamadaviti) is located on the slope of Mount Mtatsminda (Geo. მთაწმინდა, meaning the Holy Mountain) in Tbilisi. The church is named after St. Davit Gareji, a Syrian priest who helped spread Christianity in Georgia in the 6th century and lived in a small cell where the church is now located. Each week, … Continue reading

About Celebrations – Saint George’s Day

17th century Georgian manuscript depicting St. George's life and martyrdom_2 - Copy

St George has always been especially honored and respected as a patron saint of Georgia and there are hundreds of churches dedicated to him. Georgian Orthodox Christians celebrate Saint George’s Day, Giorgoba, (Georgian: გიორგობა) twice a year; on May 6 and on 23 November. St. George was born in the latter part of the third century … Continue reading

About History – XI Century Gilded Bible

XI century gilded Bible decorated with precious stones

A beautiful XI century gilded Bible that had been on display in the central hall of the president’s palace was given by the President of Georgia to the National Center of Manuscripts. The president was presented with the Bible during his visit to the United States in 2004. Photos courtesy of the President’s Administration. CLICK on … Continue reading

About History – Dzalisa Archaeological Site

Dzalisa Archaeological Site

Excavations in the 1970s at Dzalisa, near Georgia’s old capital of Mtskheta, revealed the remains of a Roman town dating to the 1st-4th centuries AD. It is considered to be one of the most significant archaeological sites of the Classical period in the kingdom of Kartli (Iberia) and has been identified as Zalissa, a town mentioned by the 2nd … Continue reading

About Sights – Old City Wall in Tbilisi’s Pushkin Street

A pedestrian precinct containing walkways and bridges has been created around the 110 meter wall fragment

Pushkin Street is one of six streets that radiate out from Freedom Square in Tbilisi. Named after the famous Russian poet and author Alexander Pushkin, the street underwent refurbishment in 2012 during which part of the city’s XII – XIII century fortified wall was discovered. The remains of several towers were also discovered. The wall … Continue reading

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