About History – Photographs of Tbilisi in 1958

Cable car in Tbilisi in 1958

In 1958, Tbilisi celebrated the 1,500th anniversary of the founding of the city by King Vakhtang I Gorgasali. To mark the occasion, an equestrian statue of Vakhtang Gorgasali was unveiled next to Metekhi Church on a cliff overlooking the Mtkvari River and the Old Town district of Tbilisi. On Sololaki hill, overlooking the city, a … Continue reading

About History – Freedom Square in Tbilisi

The St. George Statue in Freedom Square, Tbilisi. Photo by George Kvizhinadze via Wikimedia Commons.

Freedom Square (Georgian: თავისუფლების მოედანი) in the center of Tbilisi has undergone several name changes in its 200 year history. Built in the early 19th century in a neo-classical style with Moorish architectural elements, it was originally named Pashkevich-Erivanskaya Square (Georgian: ერევანსკი მოედანი) in honor of Ivan Paskevich, a Ukrainian general of the Russian Imperial … Continue reading

About Sights – Kutaisi State Historical Museum

A display of weapons at the Kutaisi State Historical Museum

Housed in the former National Bank of Georgia (built in 1894-96), the Niko Berdzenishvili Kutaisi State Historical Museum (Georgian: ქუთაისის სახელმწიფო ისტორიული მუზეუმი) is considered to be one of Georgia’s most important scientific-research institutions. The museum contains more than 160,000 items and has an extensive research library and laboratory. Permanent exhibitions are displayed on two floors and … Continue reading

About Architecture – Old Photographs of the Dinamo Stadium in Tbilisi

1930’s photograph of the design model for the Dinamo stadium in Tbilisi.

Designed by Archil Kurdiani, the Dinamo stadium in Tbilisi was completed in 1935 and had a capacity for 23,000 spectators. It has been reconstructed several times and is now known as the Boris Paichadze Dinamo Arena. CLICK on the logo to visit GEORGIA ABOUT on Facebook and see photos and news about Georgia. Click LIKE on the page and become a friend of GEORGIA … Continue reading

About Sights – Romanov Palace in Likani

Romanov Palace

The Romanov Palace (also known as Likani Palace) was designed by Leopold Bilfeldt as a summer mansion for Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich of Russia. Built by the famous architect Leonti Nikolajewitsch Benois (Leon Benoise) between the years of 1892-95, the palace is situated on the bank of the Mtkvari River in Likani (Georgian: ლიკანი) in Samtskhe-Javakheti region. … Continue reading

About History – Camels in 19th Century Tiflis

camel

Situated at the juncture of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, Tiflis (Tbilisi) was an important trade and transit route that provided the shortest and most convenient way of bridging the two continents. For centuries, long colorful caravans of camels, donkeys and horses brought silk and other exotic merchandise to the bazaars of Tiflis. Merchants stabled their animals, stored … Continue reading

About Celebrations – Didgoroba

Didgoroba (Georgian დიდგორობა) celebration. Photo by George Mel via Wikimedia Creative Commons Licence.

The Battle of Didgori (Georgian: დიდგორის ბრძოლა) was one of the most decisive battles in Georgian history. Georgian King David IV’s victory and subsequent reconquest of Tbilisi, which had been under Muslim rule for over four centuries, liberated the entire region from Muslim influence and marked the beginning of the medieval Georgian Golden Age. The event is commemorated each … Continue reading

About History – Water Collectors of 19th Century Tiflis

Collecting water from the river in 19th century Tiflis.

The water from the Mtkvari River in Tbilisi was used for drinking, sanitation and irrigation from the earliest times of the founding of the city. In 1862, a small centralized filtered water supply network, known as the Korganovi Enterprise, was created but most of the city’s inhabitants continued to rely on unfiltered water collected from the … Continue reading

About Art – Hand Colored 19th Century Photographs of Tiflis

Hand colored photograph of 19th century Tbilisi

In the late 19th century, Tbilisi (called Tiflis during the time of the Russian Empire) was the seat of the Tsar’s viceroy and served as the Imperial capital of the entire Caucasus. Several renowned photographers undertook photographic studies of the city and its people, including Georgian photographer Dmitri Ivanovich Ermakov. Photos courtesy of Tbilisi Government. … Continue reading

About Art – The Photography of David Guramishvili

Bazaar in Tiflis by David Guramishvili_7

Georgian artist and amateur photographer David Guramishvili (1857-1926) entered the Academy of Arts in Munich in 1886 where he became interested in photography, especially of life in the streets. These photographs are part of a series called ‘Bazaar’ and were taken in Tiflis (the name for Tbilisi during the time of the Russian Empire). CLICK on … Continue reading

About History – Georgian Maneti

500 maneti banknote issued in 1919

The maneti (მანეთი) was the currency of the Democratic Republic of Georgia (საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა), which was established in May 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire and existed until February 1921 when the country was invaded by the Soviet Red Army. The maneti was subdivided into 100 kapeiki (კაპეიკი). Only banknotes were issued and each note bears a facsimile of the signature of … Continue reading

About Achievements – Alexander Kartveli

Alexander Kartveli - Copy

Alexander Kartveli, born Alexander Kartvelishvili, (Georgian: ალექსანდრე ქართველიშვილი) 1896–1974) is considered to be one of the most important aircraft designers in US history and the world. Born in Tbilisi, he moved to the U.S.A. in 1928 to design fighter aircraft. His major projects included the design of the P-47 Thunderbolt fighter plane used by the … Continue reading

About History – The Golden Treasure of Vani

Excavation of a grave at Vani. Photo courtesy of the Otar Lordkipanidze Center for Archaeological Research, the Georgian National Museum

Colchis (Georgian: კოლხეთი) was an ancient Georgian kingdom in Western Georgia known in Greek mythology as the destination of Jason and the Argonauts in their quest for the Golden Fleece. Renowned as a region rich in gold, the excavation of a series of rich burials and other discoveries at the town of Vani (Georgian: ვანი) … Continue reading

About History – Conservation of the Gelati Frescos

Frescos at the Church of the Virgin at Gelati

Gelati (Georgian: გელათის მონასტერი) is a monastic complex near the city of Kutaisi in the Imereti region of western Georgia. The Monastery is among the most important cultural landmarks of Georgia and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The complex contains the Church of the Virgin founded by David the Builder (Georgian: დავით აღმაშენებელი) in … Continue reading

About History – Photographs of 19th Century Svaneti

Village of Chazhashi (Ushguli) where two streams come together. 1890. Photo courtesy Fondazione Sella, Biella

During the period 1889-1896, the famous mountain-climber and pioneer of photography, Count Vittorio Sella made a number of climbs in the Caucasus Mountains in the Svaneti region of Georgia and photographed the remote fortified communities that were virtually hidden from the world. Svaneti (Georgian: სვანეთი) is situated on the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus mountains in the northwestern … Continue reading

About Architecture – 19th century Megrelian “Sajalabo” House

19th century Megrelian Sajalabo House

This early 19th century Sajalabo house was dismantled piece by piece from its location in the village of Ontopo in Samegrelo region and rebuilt at the Giorgi Chitaia Open Air Museum of Ethnography (Georgian: გიორგი ჩიტაიას სახელობის ეთნოგრაფიული მუზეუმი ღია ცის ქვეშ) in Tbilisi. A typical Sajalabo house was a one-room windowless structure with an earthen … Continue reading

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